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List of welding codes

 

 This page lists published welding codes, procedures, and specifications.

Contents

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Codes

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC) covers all aspects of design and manufacture of boilers and pressure vessels. All sections contain welding specifications, however most relevant information is contained in the following:

ASME BPVC Section V Non destructive testing
ASME BPVC Section IX Welding and Brazing Qualifications
ASME B16.25 Buttwelding ends

 

American Welding Society (AWS) Standards

The American Welding Society (AWS) publishes over 240 AWS-developed codes, recommended practices and guides which are written in accordance with American National Standards Institute (ANSI) practices.The following is a partial list of the more common publications:

AWS A02.4 Standard symbols for welding, brazing, and non-destructive examination.
AWS A03.0 Standard welding terms and definitions.
AWS A05.1 Specification for carbon steel electrodes for shielded metal arc welding.
AWS A05.18 Specification for carbon steel electrodes and rots for gas shielded arc welding.
AWS B01.10 Guide for the nondestructive examination of welds.
AWS D01.1 Structural welding (steel).
AWS D01.2 Structural welding (aluminum).
AWS D01.3 Structural welding (sheet steel).
AWS D01.4 Structural welding (reinforcing steel).
AWS D01.5 Bridge welding.
AWS D01.6 Structural welding (stainless steel).
AWS D01.7 Structural welding (strengthening and repair).
AWS D01.8 Structural welding seismic supplement.
AWS D01.9 Structural welding (titanium).
AWS D08.1 Automotive spot welding.
AWS D08.6 Automotive spot welding electrodes supplement.
AWS D08.7 Automotive spot welding recommendations supplement.
AWS D08.8 Automotive arc welding (steel).
AWS D08.9 Automotive spot weld testing.
AWS D08.14 Automotive arc welding (aluminum).
AWS D09.1 Sheet metal welding.
AWS D10.10 Heating practices for pipe and tube.
AWS D10.11 Root pass welding for pipe.
AWS D10.12 Pipe welding (mild steel).
AWS D10.13 Tube brazing (copper).
AWS D10.18 Pipe welding (stainless steel).
AWS D11.2 Welding (cast iron).
AWS D14.1 Industrial mill crane welding.
AWS D14.3 Earthmoving & agricultural equipment welding.
AWS D14.4 Machinery joint welding.
AWS D14.5 Press welding.
AWS D14.6 Industrial mill roll surfacing.
AWS D15.1 Railroad welding.
AWS D15.2 Railroad welding practice supplement.
AWS D16.1 Robotic arc welding safety.
AWS D16.2 Robotic arc welding system installation.
AWS D16.3 Robotic arc welding risk assessment.
AWS D16.4 Robotic arc welder operator qualification.
AWS D17.1 Aerospace fusion welding.
AWS D17.2 Aerospace resistance welding.
AWS D18.1 Hygienic tube welding (stainless steel).
AWS D18.2 Stainless steel tube discoloration guide.
AWS D18.3 Hygienic equipment welding.

The zero after the first letter is only placed there so the table can be sorted. i.e. D01.1 is actually D1.1).

American Petroleum Institute (API) Standards

The American Petroleum Institute (API) oldest and most successful programs is in the development of API standards which started with its first standard in 1924. API maintains over 500 standards covering the oil and gas field. The following is a partial list specific to welding:

API RP 577 Welding Inspection and Metallurgy.
API 1104 Welding of piplelines and related facilities.

 

 Australian / NewZealand(AS/NZS) Standards

Standards Australiais the body responsible for the development, maintenance and publication of Australian Standards. The following is a partial list specific to welding:

AS/NZS 1554.1 Structural steel welding - Welding of steel structures
AS/NZS 1554.2 Structural steel welding - Stud welding (steel studs to steel)
AS/NZS 1554.3 Structural steel welding - Welding of reinforcing steel
AS/NZS 1554.4 Structural steel welding - Welding of high strength quenched and tempered steels
AS/NZS 1554.5 Structural steel welding - Welding of steel structures subject to high levels of fatigue Loading
AS/NZS 1554.6 Structural steel welding - Welding stainless steels for structural purposes
AS/NZS 1554.7 Structural steel welding - Welding of sheet steel structures
AS/NZS 3992 Pressure equipment – Welding and brazing qualification

 

Canadian Standards Association (CSA) Standards

The Canadian Standards Association (CSA) is responsible for the development, maintenance and publication of CSA standards.The following is a partial list specific to welding:

CSA W47.1 Certification of Companies for Fusion Welding of Steel
CSA W59 Welded Steel Construction (Metal Arc Welding)
CSA W59.2 Welded Aluminum Construction

 

British Standards (BS)

British Standards are developed, maintained and published by BSI Standards which isUK’s National Standards Body. The following is a partial list of standards specific to welding:

BS 0499-1 Welding terms and symbols. Glossary for welding, brazing and thermal cutting
BS 0499-2C Welding terms and symbols. European arc welding symbols in chart form
BS 2633 Specification for Class I arc welding of ferritic steel pipework for carrying fluids
BS 2971 Specification for class II arc welding of carbon steel pipework for carrying fluids
BS 4515-1 Specification for welding of steel pipelines on land and offshore - Part 1: Carbon and carbon manganese steel pipelines
BS 4515-2 Specification for welding of steel pipelines on land and offshore. Duplex stainless steel Pipelines
PD 6705-2 Structural use of steel and aluminium. Recommendations for the execution of steel bridges to BS EN 1090-2
PD 6705-3 Structural use of steel and aluminium. Recommendations for the execution of aluminium structures to BS EN 1090-3

 

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Standards

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has developed over 18500 standards and over 1100 new standards are published every year. The following is a partial list of the standards specific to welding:

ISO 2560 Welding consumables. Covered electrodes for manual metal arc welding of non-alloy and fine grain steels. Classification
ISO 3580 Covered electrodes for manual arc welding of creep-resisting steels - Code of symbols for identification
ISO 3581 Covered electrodes for manual arc welding of stainless and other similar high alloy steels - Code of symbols for identification
ISO 3834 Quality requirements for fusion welding of metallic materials, five parts.
ISO 4063 Welding and allied processes - Nomenclature of processes and reference numbers
ISO 5817 Welding. Fusion-welded joints in steel, nickel, titanium and their alloys (beam welding excluded). Quality levels for imperfections
ISO 6520-1 Welding and allied processes — Classification of geometric imperfections in metallic materials — Part 1: Fusion welding
ISO 6520-2 Welding and allied processes — Classification of geometric imperfections in metallic materials — Part 2: Welding with pressure
ISO 6947 Welds. Working positions. Definitions of angles of slope and rotation
ISO 9606 Qualification test of welders — Fusion welding, parts 1 to 5
ISO 9692-1 Welding and allied processes. Recommendations for joint preparation. Manual metal-arc welding, gas-shielded metal-arc welding, gas welding, TIG welding and beam welding of steels
ISO 9692-2 Welding and allied processes. Joint preparation. Submerged arc welding of steels
ISO 9692-3 Welding and allied processes. Joint preparation. Part 3: TIG and MIG welding of aluminium and its alloys
ISO 13847 Petroleum and natural gas industries - Pipeline transportation systems - Welding of Pipelines
ISO 13916 Welding - Guidance on the measurement of preheating temperature, interpass temperature and preheat mainteanance temperature
ISO 13918 Welding - Studs and ceramic ferrules for arc stud welding
ISO 13919-1 Welding - Electron and laser-beam welded joints - Guidance on quality level for imperfections - Part 1: Steel
ISO 13919-2 Welding - Electron and laser-beam welded joints - Guidance on quality level for imperfections - Part 2: Aluminium and its weldable alloys
ISO 13920 Welding - General tolerances for welded constructions - Dimensions for lengths and angles - Shape and position
ISO 14112 Gas welding equipment - Small kits for gas brazing and welding
ISO 14175 Welding consumables — Gases and gas mixtures for fusion welding and allied processes. Replaced EN 439:1994 in Europe.
ISO 14341 Welding consumables. Wire electrodes and deposits for gas shielded metal arc welding of non alloy and fine grain steels. Classification
ISO 14554 Resistance welding
ISO 14744 Electron beam welding, six parts
ISO 15607 Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials - General Rules
ISO/TR 15608 Welding - Guidelines for a metallic material grouping system
ISO 15609 Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials - Welding procedure specification, five parts.
ISO 15610 Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Qualification based on tested welding consumables
ISO 15611 Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Qualification based on previous welding experience
ISO 15612 Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Qualification by adoption of a standard welding procedure
ISO 15613 Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Qualification based on pre-production welding test
ISO 15614 Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials - Welding procedure test, 13 parts.
ISO 17635 Non-destructive testing of welds. General rules for metallic materials
ISO/TR 20172 Welding — Grouping systems for materials — European materials
ISO/TR 20173 Welding — Grouping systems for materials — American materials
ISO/TR 20174 Welding — Grouping systems for materials — Japanese materials European Union

 

European Union (CEN) Standards

The European Committee for Standardization had issued numerous standards covering welding processes, which replaced former national standards. Of the former national standards, those issued by BSI and DIN were widely used outside their countries of origin. After the Vienna Agreement with ISO, CEN has replaced most of them with equivalent ISO standards (EN ISO series).

EN 287-1 Qualification test of welders — Fusion welding — Part 1: Steels
EN 1090-1 Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures - Part 1: Requirements for conformity assessment of structural components
EN 1090-2 Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures - Part 2: Technical requirements for steel structures
EN 1090-3 Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures - Part 3: Technical requirements for aluminium structures
EN 1011-1 Welding — Recommendations for welding of metallic materials — Part 1: General guidance for arc welding
EN 1011-2 Welding — Recommendations for welding of metallic materials — Part 2: Arc welding of ferritic steels
EN 1011-3 Welding — Recommendations for welding of metallic materials — Part 3: Arc welding of stainless steels
EN 1011-4 Welding — Recommendations for welding of metallic materials — Part 4: Arc welding of aluminium and aluminium alloys
EN 1011-5 Welding. Recommendations for welding of metallic materials. Welding of clad steel
EN 1011-6 Welding. Recommendations for welding of metallic materials. Laser beam welding
EN 1011-7 Welding — Recommendations for welding of metallic materials — Part 7: Electron beam welding
EN 1011-8 Welding. Recommendations for welding of metallic materials. Welding of cast irons
EN 1993-1-8 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1-8: General – Design of joints
EN 13133 Brazing - Brazer approval
EN 22553 Welded, brazed and soldered joints – Symbolic representation on drawings

Additional requirements for welding exist in CEN codes and standards for specific products, like EN 12952, EN 12953, EN 13445, EN 13480, etc.

German Standards (DIN and others)

NA 092 is the Standards Committee for welding and allied processes (NAS) at DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e. V. The following is a partial list of DIN welding standards:

DIN 1910-100 Welding; terms dependent on materials for metal welding
DIN 18800-7 Steel structures - Part 7: Execution and constructor's qualification
SEW 088 Schweiengeeignete Feinkornbaustähle - Richtlinien für die Verarbeitung besonders für das Schmelzschweißen, Stahlinstitut VDEh
Merkblatt DVS 0916 Metall-Schutzgasschwißen von Feinkornbaustählen", Deutsche Verband für Schweißtechnik e.V.